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causing or marked by grief or anguishTo me, Antigone, no word of friends
Has come, or glad or
grievous, since we twain
Were reft of our two brethren in one day
By double fratricide
a cry of sorrow and griefBut Polyneices, a dishonored corse,
(So by report the royal edict runs)
No man may bury him or make
Must leave him tombless and unwept
put a law into effect by formal declarationSuch is the edict (if report speak true)
Of Creon, our most noble Creon, aimed
At thee and me, aye me too; and anon
He will be here to
promulgate, for such
As have not heard, his mandate
act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises...'tis in sooth
No passing humor, for the edict says
transgresses shall be stoned to death.
assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoingSay, wilt thou aid me and
find repugnantBethink thee, sister, of our father's fate,
Abhorred, dishonored, self-convinced of sin,
Blinded, himself his executioner.
dwellHow sweet to die in such employ, to rest,—
Sister and brother linked in love's embrace—
A sinless sinner, banned awhile on earth,
But by the dead commended; and with them
abide for ever.
plausible but falseA
maintain, uphold, or defendAgainst our land the proud invader came
vindicate fell Polyneices' claim.
a hymn of praiseFor Zeus who hates the braggart's boast
Beheld that gold-bespangled host;
As at the goal the
paean they upraise,
He struck them with his forked lightning blaze.
detect with the sensesYet 'tis no easy matter to
The temper of a man, his mind and will,
Till he be proved by exercise of power
a person without moral scruplesBut for the
miscreant exile who returned
Minded in flames and ashes to blot out
His father's city and his father's gods,
And glut his vengeance with his kinsmen's blood
the act of coming before in time or order or rank...never by my will
Shall miscreants take
precedence of true men,
But all good patriots, alive or dead,
Shall be by me preferred and honored.
place in a grave or tombThe corpse had vanished, not
interred in earth,
But strewn with dust, as if by one who sought
To avert the curse that haunts the unburied dead:
Of hound or ravening jackal, not a sign.
take exception toOur quest was at a standstill, when one spake
And bowed us all to earth like quivering reeds,
For there was no
gainsaying him nor way
To escape perdition
the place or state in which one suffers eternal punishmentOur quest was at a standstill, when one spake
And bowed us all to earth like quivering reeds,
For there was no gainsaying him nor way
complete and without qualificationIs it not
arrant folly to pretend
That gods would have a thought for this dead man?
give as a giftOr perchance
bestow their favors on the bad.
a person who is unsatisfied or disgustedI have long noted
Who wagged their heads, and kicked against the yoke,
Misliking these my orders, and my rule.
incite to commit a crime or an evil deed'Tis they, I warrant, who
suborned my guards
in a habitual and longstanding mannerWhat an
inveterate babbler! get thee gone!
made of or resembling brass, as in color or hardnessAnon she gathered handfuls of dry dust,
Then, holding high a well-wrought
Thrice on the dead she poured a lustral stream.
judge or regard in a particular wayTake it all in all, I
A man's first duty is to serve himself.
not subject or susceptible to change or variationNor did I deem that thou, a mortal man,
Could'st by a breath annul and override
immutable unwritten laws of Heaven.
an offensive disrespectful impudent actBut this proud girl, in
First overstepped the established law, and then—
A second and worse act of
She boasts and glories in her wickedness.
formally reject or disavow a formerly held beliefSay, didst thou too abet
This crime, or dost
abjure all privity?
righteousness by virtue of being religiously devoutO sister, scorn me not, let me but share
Thy work of
piety, and with thee die.
sorrowful through loss or deprivationWhat would life profit me
bereft of thee?
overcome or allayThy might, O Zeus, what mortal power can
Not sleep that lays all else beneath its spell,
Nor moons that never tire
worthy of adoration or reverence...untouched by Time,
Throned in the dazzling light
That crowns Olympus' height,
Thou reignest King, omnipotent,
inclined or willing to give in to orders or wishes of othersFor 'tis the hope of parents they may rear
A brood of sons
submissive, keen to avenge
Their father's wrongs, and count his friends their own.
cause to separate and go in different directionsWhat evils are not wrought by Anarchy!
She ruins States, and overthrows the home,
dissipates and routs the embattled host;
While discipline preserves the ordered ranks.
wish, long, or crave forO father, nothing is by me more prized
Than thy well-being, for what higher good
covet than their sire's fair fame
discretion in practical affairsWhat, would you have us at our age be schooled,
prudence by a beardless boy?
keep company withThink not that in my sight the maid shall die,
Or by my side; never shalt thou again
Behold my face hereafter. Go,
With friends who like a madman for their mate.
something causing misery or deathMark ye the cruel laws that now have wrought my
extremely wicked or deeply criminalThus by the law of conscience I was led
To honor thee, dear brother, and was judged
By Creon guilty of a
assistance in time of difficultyWhat ordinance of heaven have I transgressed?
Hereafter can I look to any god
succor, call on any man for help?
powerfulMy fatherland, city of Thebes divine,
Ye gods of Thebes whence sprang my line,
puissant lords of Thebes, on me;
The last of all your royal house ye see.
a feeling of evil to comeThy words inspire a dread
an event indicating important things to comeSitting upon my throne of
As is my wont, where every fowl of heaven
Find harborage, upon mine ears was borne
A jargon strange of twitterings, hoots, and screams
find repugnantTherefore the angry gods
Our litanies and our burnt offerings
stubbornly persistent in wrongdoingTo err is common
To all men, but the man who having erred
Hugs not his errors, but repents and seeks
The cure, is not a wastrel nor unwise.
No fool, the saw goes, like the
seize and take control without authorityFor that thou hast entombed a living soul,
And sent below a denizen of earth,
And wronged the nether gods by leaving here
A corpse unlaved, unwept, unsepulchered.
Herein thou hast no part, nor e'en the gods
In heaven; and thou
usurp'st a power not thine.
impervious to moral persuasionVengeance of the gods
Is swift to overtake the
feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offensesWe offered first a prayer
To Pluto and the goddess of cross-ways,
contrite hearts, to deprecate their ire.
ask for humbly or earnestly, as in prayerWhen the King saw him, with a terrible groan
He moved towards him, crying, "O my son
What hast thou done? What ailed thee? What mischance
Has reft thee of thy reason? O come forth,
Come forth, my son; thy father
marked by prudence or modesty and wise self-restraint'Tis that she shrinks in public to lament
Her son's sad ending, and in privacy
Would with her maidens mourn a private loss.
Trust me, she is
discreet and will not err.
violent agitationWell, let us to the house and solve our doubts,
tumult of her heart conceals
Some fell design.
a rebuke for making a mistakeSwelling words of high-flown might
Mightily the gods do smite.
Chastisement for errors past
Wisdom brings to age at last.
(updated August 16, 2018)