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Renaissance Vocabulary and People

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  1. Renaissance

    period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages
  2. humanism

    doctrine promoting the welfare of mankind
  3. secular

    someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person
  4. patron

    someone who supports or champions something
  5. perspective

    a way of regarding situations or topics
  6. vernacular

    the everyday speech of the people
  7. utopia

    ideally perfect state
  8. Shakespeare

    English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
    Wrote Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, and Macbeth
  9. Leonardo da Vinci

    Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect; the most versatile genius of the Italian Renaissance (1452-1519)
    Painted the Virgin of the Rocks, the Last Supper, and the Mona Lisa
  10. Michelangelo

    Florentine sculptor and painter and architect
    Painted the Sistine Chapel, and sculpted the David
  11. Raphael

    Italian painter whose many paintings exemplify the ideals of the High Renaissance (1483-1520)
    Painted the School of Athens
  12. Donatello

    Florentine sculptor famous for his lifelike sculptures
  13. Dante

    an Italian poet famous for writing the Divine Comedy that describes a journey through Hell and purgatory and paradise guided by Virgil and his idealized Beatrice (1265-1321)
  14. Machiavelli

    a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
    Wrote the Prince
  15. Erasmus

    Dutch humanist and theologian who was the leading Renaissance scholar of northern Europe; although his criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church led to the Reformation, he opposed violence and condemned Martin Luther (1466-1536)
    Wrote the Praise of Folly
  16. Sir Thomas More

    English statesman who opposed Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and was imprisoned and beheaded; recalled for his concept of Utopia, the ideal state
  17. Gutenberg

    German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)
  18. Durer

    a leading German painter and engraver of the Renaissance
  19. Jan van Eyck

    Flemish painter who was a founder of the Flemish school of painting and who pioneered modern techniques of oil painting (1390-1441)
  20. printing press

    a machine used for printing
Created on September 18, 2012
(updated September 19, 2012)

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