List 7

Photosynthesis

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definitions & notes
only words

  1. prokaryotic

    having cells that lack membrane-bound nuclei
    Chlorophyll can also be found in many microorganisms and even some
    prokaryotic cells.
  2. chloroplast

    plastid containing chlorophyll and other pigments
    PART II: THE
    CHLOROPLAST

    We already spoke about the structure of chloroplasts in the cells tutorials.
  3. photosynthesis

    formation of compounds in plants aided by radiant energy
    PHOTOSYNTHESIS -

    PART I: THE SUN AND LIGHT

    Not all of the light from the Sun makes it to the surface of the Earth.
  4. organelle

    a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ
    Within this cell
    organelle is the chlorophyll that captures the light from the Sun. We'll talk about it in a bit, but the chloroplasts are working night and day with different jobs.
  5. chlorophyll

    any of green pigments found in photosynthetic organisms
    Within this cell organelle is the
    chlorophyll that captures the light from the Sun. We'll talk about it in a bit, but the chloroplasts are working night and day with different jobs.
  6. glucose

    a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms
    The other big molecules are water (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2) and
    glucose (C6H12O6).
  7. stroma

    the supporting tissue of an organ (as opposed to parenchyma)
    The molecules are moved and converted in the area called the
    stroma.
  8. aerobic

    depending on free oxygen or air
    Animal cells need an
    aerobic environment (one with oxygen).
  9. microorganism

    any organism of microscopic size
    Chlorophyll can also be found in many
    microorganisms and even some prokaryotic cells.
  10. molecule

    the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
    When that energy gets to a green plant, all sorts of reactions can take place to store energy in the form of sugar
    molecules.
  11. wavelength

    a way of thinking or coming to mutual understanding
    Plants mostly absorb red and blue
    wavelengths.
  12. carbon dioxide

    a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances; absorbed from the air by plants in photosynthesis
    The other big molecules are water (H2O),
    carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2) and glucose (C6H12O6).
  13. electromagnetic

    pertaining to or exhibiting magnetism produced by electric charge in motion
    Light is actually energy,
    electromagnetic energy to be exact.
  14. dioxide

    an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule
    The other big molecules are water (H2O), carbon
    dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2) and glucose (C6H12O6).
  15. oxygen

    a colorless, odorless gas that is essential for respiration
    The other big molecules are water (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2),
    oxygen (O2) and glucose (C6H12O6).
  16. reaction

    an idea evoked by some experience
    When that energy gets to a green plant, all sorts of
    reactions can take place to store energy in the form of sugar molecules.
  17. compound

    a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
    PART III: THE MOLECULES

    Chlorophyll is the magic
    compound that can grab that sunlight and start the whole process.
  18. environment

    the totality of surrounding conditions
    Animal cells need an aerobic
    environment (one with oxygen).
  19. chemical

    produced by reactions involving atomic or molecular changes
    This reaction happens when the light energy is captured and pushed into a
    chemical called ATP. The second part of the process happens when the ATP is used to make glucose (the Calvin Cycle).
Created on September 23, 2009
(updated September 23, 2009)

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