Meaning of aristocracy

aristocracy




A person who’s “born to rule” belongs to the ruling class, or aristocracy, and is “noble” just by being in the family line — whether they have done anything noble or not. In an aristocracy, a princess who doesn’t visit sick children or clear land mines is still a princess.

“Rule of the best” or “by a privileged class” are 16th-century Latin meanings for aristocracy. There are examples of the “best” coming from ordinary society, no matter who their parents are, but often the aristocracy is made up of families who start ruling and keep the power in the family generation after generation. Kings and queens, princes and princesses, and dukes and earls, are all titles within an aristocracy, though some really hard-working and noble outsiders may earn a spot in the aristocracy too.

Definitions of aristocracy
  1. noun

    a privileged class holding hereditary titles

    synonyms:

    nobility

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    examples:

    Ferdinand and Isabella

    joint monarchs of Spain; Ferdinand V and Isabella I
    William and Mary

    joint monarchs of England; William III and Mary II
    types:

    show 5 types…
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    noblesse

    members of the nobility (especially of the French nobility)
    baronage, peerage

    the peers of a kingdom considered as a group
    baronetage

    the collective body of baronets
    knighthood

    aristocrats holding the rank of knight
    samurai

    feudal Japanese military aristocracy
    type of:

    elite, elite group

    a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status

  2. noun

    the most powerful members of a society

    synonyms:

    gentry

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    types:

    landed gentry, squirearchy

    the gentry who own land (considered as a class)
    type of:

    upper class, upper crust

    the class occupying the highest position in the social hierarchy

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