Meaning of hemisphere

hemisphere




A hemisphere is half of a sphere. If it’s a cold winter in the northern hemisphere, take a winter getaway to sunbathe somewhere in the southern hemisphere.

Hemisphere comes from the Greek, and combines the prefix hemi-, for “half,” with sphere, or “perfectly round ball.” We talk about the earth as divided at the equator into the northern and southern hemispheres (or divided at the prime meridian into eastern and western hemispheres). In biology, there are two cerebral, or brain, hemispheres — also known as the right and left sides of the brain.

Definitions of hemisphere
  1. noun

    half of a sphere

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    type of:

    subfigure

    a figure that is a part of another figure

  2. noun

    half of the terrestrial globe

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    examples:

    northern hemisphere

    the hemisphere that is to the north of the equator
    southern hemisphere

    the hemisphere to the south of the equator
    types:

    eastern hemisphere, orient

    the hemisphere that includes Eurasia and Africa and Australia
    New World, occident, western hemisphere

    the hemisphere that includes North America and South America
    type of:

    geographic area, geographic region, geographical area, geographical region

    a demarcated area of the Earth

  3. noun

    either half of the cerebrum

    synonyms:

    cerebral hemisphere

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    types:

    left brain, left hemisphere

    the cerebral hemisphere to the left of the corpus callosum that controls the right half of the body
    right brain, right hemisphere

    the cerebral hemisphere to the right of the corpus callosum that controls the left half of the body
    type of:

    neural structure

    a structure that is part of the nervous system

Word Family

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