A shanty is a small, rough shelter or dwelling. Modern shanties are commonly found in shantytowns, informal neighborhoods made up of crude, homemade shelters.
A crude, run-down shack can be called a shanty, and the temporary, portable structures that ice fishermen set up for shelter are also shanties. This sense of shanty derives from the French Canadian chantier, or “lumberjack’s headquarters.” Shanty can also refer to a song that sailors sing while they work. This meaning comes from chanty, “boisterous sailor song,” from the French chanter, “to sing.”
a small crude shelter used as a dwelling
a rhythmical work song originally sung by sailors