Meaning of shrink

shrink




Shrink is the informal word you can use to talk about a therapist. Talking about your problems with her can hopefully help you shrink them, or make them smaller.

The word shrink is related to the Swedish skrynka meaning “to wrinkle.” Think about what happens to a lone forgotten fruit at the bottom of your fridge drawer. After a while, it begins to wrinkle or shrink. Clothes washed in hot water tend to shrink, so be wary of the setting on your washing machine. The use of shrink as referring to therapists started as late as the 1960s — with the idea of a psychologist being a “head-shrinker.”

Definitions of shrink
  1. verb

    wither, as with a loss of moisture

    synonyms:

    shrivel, shrivel up, wither

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    types:

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    atrophy

    undergo atrophy
    blast

    shrivel or wither or mature imperfectly
    die back, die down

    suffer from a disease that kills shoots
    dry up, mummify

    dry up and shrivel due to complete loss of moisture
    type of:

    decrease, diminish, fall, lessen

    decrease in size, extent, or range

  2. verb

    decrease in size, range, or extent

    “His earnings
    shrank
    synonyms:

    shrivel

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    type of:

    decrease, diminish, fall, lessen

    decrease in size, extent, or range

  3. verb

    reduce in size; reduce physically

    “Hot water will
    shrink the sweater”
    “Can you
    shrink this image?”
    synonyms:

    reduce

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    types:

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    reduce, scale down

    make smaller
    reef

    reduce (a sail) by taking in a reef
    miniaturise, miniaturize

    design or construct on a smaller scale
    depopulate, desolate

    reduce in population
    downsize

    make in a smaller size
    contract

    make smaller
    purse, wrinkle

    gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; pucker
    type of:

    decrease, lessen, minify

    make smaller

  4. verb

    become smaller or draw together

    “The fabric
    shrank
    “The balloon
    shrank
    synonyms:

    contract

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    Antonyms:

    stretch

    become longer by being stretched and pulled
    expand, spread out

    extend in one or more directions
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    types:

    flex

    contract
    type of:

    decrease, diminish, fall, lessen

    decrease in size, extent, or range

  5. verb

    draw back, as with fear or pain

    synonyms:

    cringe, flinch, funk, quail, recoil, squinch, wince

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    types:

    retract, shrink back

    pull away from a source of disgust or fear
    type of:

    move

    move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion

  6. noun

    a physician who specializes in psychiatry

    synonyms:

    head-shrinker, psychiatrist

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    examples:

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    Karen Danielsen Horney

    United States psychiatrist (1885-1952)
    Karl Theodor Jaspers

    German psychiatrist (1883-1969)
    Charles Frederick Menninger

    United States psychiatrist who with his sons founded a famous psychiatric clinic in Topeka (1862-1953)
    Karl Augustus Menninger

    United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1893-1990)
    William Claire Menninger

    United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1899-1966)
    Harry Stack Sullivan

    United States psychiatrist (1892-1949)
    Sigmund Freud

    Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)
    Melanie Klein

    United States psychoanalyst (born in Austria) who was the first to specialize in the psychoanalysis of small children (1882-1960)
    Wilhelm Reich

    Austrian born psychoanalyst who lived in the United States; advocated sexual freedom and believed that cosmic energy could be concentrated in a human being (1897-1957)
    types:

    alienist

    a psychiatrist and specialist in the legal aspects of mental illness
    analyst, psychoanalyst

    a licensed practitioner of psychoanalysis
    type of:

    medical specialist, specialist

    practices one branch of medicine

Word Family

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